Evaluation of Integrated WASH in Schools and School Garden to nutrition Programming in ethnic communities in Phongsaly Province
Despite country’s economic growth and poverty reduction at the national level, people living in the mountain areas of northern Laos are still experiencing greater poverty than other parts of the country. In those regions, rates are below the overall average in terms of education, nutritional status, access to drinking water and sanitation. The baseline survey realized in February 2017 in the target villages of the project highlighted that 53.7% of children under 5 were stunting, 24.1% were underweight and 12.1% of children were born underweight. Geographical disparities in nutrition remain striking: 61.6% of children in Phongsali and 53.2% of children in Luang Namtha are stunted compared to 19% of children in Vientiane.
In response, CCL, CARE, LOPA and RDA set up a project in 50 villages in the districts of Nyot Ou, May and Samphan (Phongsaly Province), and Sing and Long (Luang Namtha Province) with the aim to improve food and nutrition security of ethnic women, their families and communities. The first specific objective addresses the need for increased knowledge and capacities on nutritious food consumption, gender and nutrition sensitive farming, sanitation, hygiene and care practices among remote ethnic communities. The second specific objective supports the first specific objective by making sure that the conditions and the enabling environment is in place by strengthening the capacity of local and national level government and civil society to implement gender sensitive and multisectoral approaches to improve food and nutrition security in a coordinated way.
Target areas of the project are characterized by steep slopes, low population density, isolation of most villages, lack of infrastructure and access to services and high incidence of poverty. The villages identified by the project are exclusively composed of ethnic communities, mainly Sino-Tibetan. In Nyot Ou, 40% of the villages are Yao villages and 60% of Sila / Kheu villages. In May and Samphan, the villages are composed mainly of Akha (60%) and Khmu (40%).
In order to raise communities’ awareness and build the capacity of youth in understanding of sanitation/hygiene and nutrition linkages a WASH in Schools and School Garden component was specially designed/modified for the projects context and budget. There is a need to assess and document approach taken in villages among different ethnic groups in order determine additional culturally sensitive approaches for future interventions on school/community level and the long term impact this programming could have if continued.
Objectives of the study:
The first objective of the study will be to provide in-depth analysis of the WASH in Schools and School Garden components on nutrition integrated of the SUPA project. More precisely, objectives will be to:
- Assess and document the School Community Linkages in Akha, Khmu, Yao villages
- Assess and document impact of the School Garden and WINS project components on School Community Linkages in Akha, Khmu, and Yao villages with special attention paid to community ownership of activities.
- Assess the social and cultural beliefs, attitudes and practices than can influence School and Community relationships.
- Assess and document the impact of the School Garden and WINS components on children’s and school authorities (principals and teachers) understanding of the linkages between Sanitation/hygiene and nutrition and school attendance.
The study will be conducted by one international or national consultant with the support of ethnic translator.
The study will be conducted in 5 villages in Mai district(3) and Samphan(2) district (Phongsaly). The selection of villages will be done in coordination with the team.
The final methodology will be proposed by the consultant. However, the main approach used should include collection of qualitative data through Focus Group Discussion and through individual interviews especially with school committee members, students, teachers, DEO, and parents of students. The study should compare schools who received the WINS and School Garden components it is suggested that the consultant looks at 1 school the project team views as highly successful, 1 viewed as normal progress and 1 school that did not receive the programming from the project at all in order to understand the full impact of the component.
The duration of the consultation will be 18 days including field visits, interviews and reporting.
The study should be conducted in December 2019.
The following table gives an overview of the potential timetable of the mission:
|Day 1||Meeting in Vientiane with partners (Project advisors)|
|Day 2||Travel to Mai district (including flight VTE-ODX) & meeting with SUPA team + government counterparts|
|Day 3||Travel to village 1 and 2 (Mai). Interviews and Observation Overnight in village 2|
|Day 4||Observations & discussions in village 2. Travel and Overnight in village 3|
|Day 5||Interviews and discussion in village 3 (Mai).|
|Day 6||Overnight in Village 3. Focus Group with Parents/ Village School Committee|
|Day 7||Observations/Focus Groups at School village 3. Travel to Mai and Overnight|
|Day 8||Review findings with Mai team. Travel to Samphan|
|Day 9||Travel to Village 1/ Focus Group with Parents/ Village School Committee|
|Day 10||Observations/Focus Groups at School village 1. Travel Village 2 Overnight Focus Group Discussion with Parents/Village School Committee village 2.|
|Day 11||Observations/Focus Groups at School village 2.|
|Day 12||Review findings with Samphan team. Travel to Oudomxay|
|Day 13||Flight back to VTE from Oudomxay. summarize main observations and findings|
|Day 14||Summarize Main Findings|
|Day 15||Review main findings with SUPA Partners|
|Day 16||Write full consultancy report|
|Day 17||Write full consultancy report|
|Day 18||Write full consultancy report|
Skills consultant required
- Have a minimum of a Master degree in Sociology, Anthropology, public health or others related fields.
- Have at least 5 years of experience in sociology/ socio-anthropology studies; additional experience in food security/ nutrition projects will be an asset;
- Native lao speaker and Professional level English or international expert with good skills in Lao;
- Knowledge of Lao health sector and education sector will be an asset
- Demonstrated good report writing skills
Interested consultant are invited to submit a COVER LETTER and CV to the address this term of reference. Please indicate the POSITION TITLE. Deadline for application is 30 November 2019, however applicants are encouraged to apply early as applications will be reviewed on an ongoing basis and the position will close early if a suitable candidate is found.
RDA/SUPA Project director and the director of RDA
Email: Chanthalangsy@rda.org.la ,firstname.lastname@example.org
Office tel: +856 21 315457
Tel&Whatsapp: +856 20 55616651